Chikungunya is known to be a mosquito-borne disease that specifically came into attention in the year 1952. At that time, this particular disease affected as well as created havoc in Southern Tasmania. Basically, it is an RNA type of virus which belongs to the Alphavirus family and again belonging to the specific family of Togavirudae.
In 2015, this particular disease majorly hit the world, Along with fever; immense leg pain is again caused by the disease.
Still, it is prevalent in some parts of the world. You should essentially opt for some of the natural ways to treat this particular condition i.e. the chikungunya home remedies in case you are suffering from this.
In medical science, the treatment of Chikungunya aims to specifically reduce the symptoms. With drugs, the fever is reduced but still, the leg pain persists. Thus, it is always recommended to opt for natural ways in order to recover from this particular condition. You should essentially opt for the best home remedies for chikungunya.
- 1 Best 13 Chikungunya Home Remedies
- 1.1 1. Cold Compress
- 1.2 2. Massage
- 1.3 3. Epsom Salt Soak
- 1.4 4. Turmeric
- 1.5 5. Ginger
- 1.6 6. Coconut Water
- 1.7 7. Alkaline Diet
- 1.8 8. Giloy
- 1.9 9. Papaya Leaves
- 1.10 10. Chili Peppers
- 1.11 11. Tulsi Leaves Or Holy Basil Leaves
- 1.12 12. Important Foods Which You Should Consider Eating During Chikungunya
- 1.13 13. Foods That Are Required To Be Avoided During Chikungunya
- 2 What Are Some Of The Best Ways In Which You Can Prevent Chikungunya?
- 3 Symptoms Of Chikungunya
- 4 Causes Of Chikungunya
- 5 Diagnosis Of Chikungunya
- 6 FAQ’s
- 6.1 1. What Are The Differences Between Dengue And Chikungunya?
- 6.2 2. Is There A Vaccine For Chikungunya?
- 6.3 3. How Long Does Chikungunya Last?
- 6.4 4. How To Soothe Skin Rashes That Are Caused By Chikungunya?
- 6.5 5. Why Does This Particular Disease Cause Joint Pain?
- 6.6 6. How Long Will The Joint Pain From The Chikungunya Fever Last?
Best 13 Chikungunya Home Remedies
This section mainly talks about the best chikungunya home remedies which you can easily opt for only by using the kitchen ingredients.
1. Cold Compress
Joint pain along with the inflammation is known to be the most painful and irritating symptom of this viral infection. Along with that, it is also known to be the most effective chikungunya joint pain home remedies because it has the ability to greatly reduce the pain.
Cold compress is also proved to be much effective in blocking the nerve endings due to which the numbness occurs and there is a decrease of the blood flow in that particular area. Thereby, it contributes to reducing both the inflammation along with the pain.
What Is The Best Way To Perform This?
- All that you need is a few ice cubes for the purpose of performing a cold compress. Just crush them and put them on a towel.
- Now, consider keeping it on the inflammation area for 2 to 3 minutes.
- During the day, you need to repeat it as many times as you want.
- Avoid putting the ice directly as it can contribute to damage to the surrounding tissue.
- It is known to be a very effective remedy for fast recovery from Chikungunya.
Massage is known to be a very useful and also simple way which is proved to be much effective for treating joint pain in chikungunya. The stiffness of the muscles can be effectively reduced by massaging the area of pain. It also contributes to increasing the blood circulation. Apart from that, it can possibly treat chikungunya skin rashes.
How To Perform This?
- In order to proceed, first of all, you need to massage with some warm up the oil of your choice. It can be mustard oil, sesame oil or coconut oil.
- The next step is to preferably rub the oil in between your palms and also gently apply pressure to the inflamed area.
- Till the pain decrease, this particular step is needed to be repeated a few times.
- You should always avoid applying a lot of force to that particular area as it may aggravate the situation.
3. Epsom Salt Soak
Epsom salt soak is known to be a rich source of magnesium sulfate that can contribute to reducing the inflammation, swelling and also pain. Whenever this Epsom salt is used in warm water, it can help to relax the adjoining muscles along with promoting the circulation of blood. This will help you with the fast recovery from the Chikungunya pain.
What Is The Best Way To Do This?
First of all, you need to mix about one cup of Epsom salt along with the baking soda in a bathtub with lukewarm water. This is mainly needed for a full-body soak or else you can use a spoonful of the Epsom salt along with a pinch of baking soda in a particular bucket which is filled with warm water for localized treatment.
This is specifically considered to be one of the best remedies which are used for the fast recovery from chikungunya.
So, consider soaking yourself in it for 15 minutes at least 3 to 4 times throughout the day.
One of the best home remedies which help to treat Chikungunya is turmeric. In Ayurveda, turmeric has been consequently used for centuries. It possesses anti-inflammatory and also antioxidant properties that help to fight a number of bacterial and viral infections. In a similar way, it is known to be much helpful in the case of Chikungunya.
Turmeric contains Curcumin that is known to be a major antioxidant and also anti-inflammatory agent. This helps to effectively treat the joint pain after Chikungunya.
How To Exactly Do It?
One of the best ways in which you can incorporate turmeric into your diet is to add it to the warm milk and after that, drink it one cup daily before bed. You can also consider eating the raw turmeric early in the morning along with a little bit of jaggery.
In this regard, ginger can also be consumed as it contains analgesic and also anti-inflammatory properties. This effectively helps to combat the pain which a person suffers from chikungunya.
It also possesses Gingerol that is known to be a potent anti-inflammatory agent. This is the most important reason, why, it is considered to be one of the most effective home remedies for the joint pain that arises due to Chikungunya.
Along with that, ginger also contains immunity boosters in it that helps to fight against infection. It also helps to improve the circulation of blood throughout the body. The sulfur contained in it is much effective as it helps to reduce the joint inflammation and thereby reducing the joint pain.
How To Perform This?
- In order to make use of ginger for joint pain, you can consider using the essential oils that are mainly obtained from it. Next, this thing is needed to be massaged on the point of pain.
- Likewise, ginger tea can also be made by boiling about 250 ml of the water with the required amount of the ginger pieces.
- You should consider drinking this at least 3 times daily.
- Raw ginger can also be used in case you do not possibly have a sensitive tongue. Apart from that, you can use this at the time of cooking which helps to give an extra flavor to your food.
6. Coconut Water
One of the difficulties faced in the case of the Chikungunya infection is that it dehydrates the body and thereby, the fatigue possibly kicks in the patient. As a result of this, they mostly suffer from a lack of energy.
This is considered to be a major reason why it is an effective home remedy that helps to replenish the patients who suffer from this particular infection. It is known to be the best way which helps to detoxify the liver.
For this, you need to drink at least 2 to 3 glass of coconut water every day and thus, using the superfoods is known to be an effective way to treat chikungunya.
7. Alkaline Diet
One can considerably maintain a proper pH level in the body with the help of the alkaline diet. Maintaining pH is known to be an integral step at the time of infection as the toxins are possibly released in the body by the virus.
Thereby, it decreases the pH level of the body. Along with that, it is an important fact to consider that the alkaline diet helps to reduce pain along with the inflammation.
How To Possibly Use It?
- Some of the Chikungunya treatment foods are alkaline in nature as it possibly contains more of the Vitamin C such as lemon, orange and also other citrus foods.
- Consider drinking the lemon juice daily in the morning before breakfast without sugar.
- You should include a plentiful of green vegetables in your diet as they contain iron along with Vitamin E.
- Loads of antioxidants are present in green tea. So, the intake of green tea once daily will also be considered being beneficial.
Giloy is commonly known as Guduchi and is obtained from the specific plant called Tinospora cordifolia. This particular plant is used in Ayurveda since ancient times for the treatment of the disease which is associated with fever.
Again, it contains anti-arthritic, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties that help to effectively deal with various symptoms of chikungunya.
It also possesses anti-microbial properties which help in quick recovery from the infection. This is a much effective remedy for the fast recovery from chikungunya.
Just, you need to take 2 capsules along with the food on a daily basis. Always consider asking a doctor before taking these Giloy capsules
NOTE: The Giloy capsules should not be taken by the children below 5 years of age.
9. Papaya Leaves
Papaya leaves are known to be effective for chikungunya. It works by the increase of the blood platelet count. Along with that, it also increases the RBC count that rapidly decreases at the time of viral infection.
Some larvicidal properties are also present in this particular leaf which is considered to be much effective for killing the mosquito larvae carrying this virus. This specific age-old home remedy is known to be great to combat the chikungunya.
How To Preferably Make Use Of This?
- For the purpose of using this, all that you need is to take dome fresh leaves from the papaya plant. You can make a paste out of it and consider eating this twice a day.
- You can again use these papaya leaves to make a tea and then, consider ingesting it twice daily.
- Also, you can easily find the availability of the papaya leaves tinctures in the market in case you cannot get the leaves nearby.
10. Chili Peppers
Chili peppers are very rich in the Capsaicin content which is known to be an important anti-inflammatory agent. It effectively blocks that particular compound which sends the pain signals to the brain.
How To Use These Chili Peppers?
- In order to make use of these chili peppers, you can preferably make a paste out of it.
- You can again take about 3 spoons of the chili peppers and then, add it to a warm cup of jojoba or olive oil.
- Also, you can consider heating it and thereby adding beeswax into it. Stir this particular mixture slowly on low heat till the wax melts.
- Finally, you can apply this mixture while hot to the affected areas specifically the joints.
11. Tulsi Leaves Or Holy Basil Leaves
Tulsi leaves for Chikungunya are known to be much effective. This is generally one of the best ayurvedic treatments for Chikungunya. Tulsi or basil leaves are again considered to be potent anti-microbial agents. It mainly helps to reduce cough and cold. Along with that, it is also known to be much effective against the chikungunya virus.
Consider eating about 5 to 6 leaves daily in the morning along with the honey. This effectively helps to combat the infection.
12. Important Foods Which You Should Consider Eating During Chikungunya
As mentioned before, specifically, one of the best ways to combat chikungunya is to maintain an alkaline diet.
Here are given some of the best foods which can be used in the Chikungunya treatment. It will also effectively help you with the curing process.
A. Leafy Vegetables
Incorporation of green leafy vegetables is considered to be a must whether it is an illness or a healthy diet. They are known to be very easy to digest as it contains a lot of Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Iron and also Vitamin E.
All of these nutrients are proved to be much helpful as it helps to boost the vital functioning of the body, increases immunity, keeps the body healthy and also prevent gut wall damage.
This is the main reason, why you should consider ingesting a lot of green vegetables at the time of this infection. It helps to maintain the pH level of the body and also ensures a boost in the fight against the virus.
They again contribute to increasing the platelet count of the body which reduces at the time of chikungunya infection.
B. Bananas And Apples
You might be aware of the phrase “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”. It is also true in the case of chikungunya.
Apples are known to be rich in fibers and also, contribute to reducing the cholesterol levels in the body. On the other hand, bananas contain fibers that prevent constipation. It also keeps the stomach and intestines clean.
So, consider including them in your diet to steer clear of chikungunya.
C. Foods That Are Rich In Vitamin E And C
Both Vitamin E and C helps to increase the number of blood vessels in your body. Alongside, it also helps to increase the muscle mass and release the toxins out of your body. This is known to be very important for a patient who is suffering from chikungunya.
You also need to increase the intake of kiwis, strawberries, lemon, broccoli, tropical fruits and nuts to get a diet that is rich with these vitamins.
D. Liquid-Based Foods
During chikungunya, consuming lentils, dal, soups of vegetables are known to be great. These particular foods will mainly provide the essential proteins that will help in energizing the patient.
Also, they mainly contain antioxidants that help to reduce the toxins that are released from the viral attack in the body. Liquid foods are again easily absorbed in the body. Thereby, it helps to obtain more nutrition rather than solid foods.
E. Omega 3 Fatty Acids
Omega 3 fatty acids are proved to be much helpful as it nourishes the brain and organs. Along with that, it also improves the normal functioning of the body and helps in the working of the joints. Ingesting omega 3 fatty acids during this particular infection helps to reduce the pain along with the joint inflammation.
F. Coconut Water
It is identified as a great energy replenishing food. This is the main reason; doctors mostly recommend drinking a good amount of coconut water at the time of illness. Along with that, it is also known to be a good source of energy and carbohydrates.
So, now, you know exactly, what to consider eating during chikungunya. Let’s consider looking at all those foods which should be avoided during chikungunya.
13. Foods That Are Required To Be Avoided During Chikungunya
Always, you should avoid eating:
- Junk foods
- Carbonated drinks
- Processed sugar
- Dried fried foods
- Too much of oil
These particular foods are not involved in providing any sorts of nutrition. But, instead of that, these foods can harm your body even more. This is considered to be the main reason, why these foods are not at all advisable during such a harmful infection.
Simply, avoid eating the above-mentioned foods as it can, even more, hamper your health when you are suffering from this disease.
Chikungunya is known to be a very harmful infection and it has cost many of the lives all over the world. So, in this regard, it becomes very important for each and every person to take certain precautions on a day to day basis.
Here is also given discussions regarding some of the best ways in which you can possibly prevent chikungunya:
What Are Some Of The Best Ways In Which You Can Prevent Chikungunya?
- First of all, it is very important for you to keep your house clean. So, you should not let any freshwater stagnant for more than 2 days. Also, consider washing the flower pots and also the water storage containers frequently.
- You also need to keep your food along with water covered all the time.
- Avoid the water to accumulate mainly due to the water leakage or rain as this is the identified to be the best breeding site of these mosquitoes. Along with that, you also need to throw away all the stagnant water present around the house.
- During the daytime, you can consider using the mosquito creams. This is because; the Aedes mosquito is mostly active in the day time. For prevention, you can also make use of mosquito repellants at night.
- You should always let your children and baby sleep in a mosquito net. Apart from that, the mosquito net should also be used during sleeping as it helps in the prevention of disease.
- But, in case you are considering visiting such an area which is filled with mosquitoes, then, it is advised to wear socks along with the full-sleeved top and pants. As a result of it, the mosquito would not be preferably able to find the bare skin. Apart from that, you should wear light-colored clothes as the mosquitoes would not get attracted to it.
- Always consider getting the patient’s blood checked in case the fever persists for more than 3 days.
Thus, chikungunya is known to be a very widespread disease but, there is again a fairly low awareness of this particular disease.
Symptoms Of Chikungunya
Just like various other diseases, a vast array of symptoms is mainly produced by this particular disease. These symptoms are again most commonly misdiagnosed.
In this regard, different symptoms are faced by various people and so, it becomes very hard to tell on the basis of observing just the symptoms. Here are given some common range of the symptoms which the people have faced and are as follows:
A. Joint Pain
One of the most common symptoms of Chikungunya is considered to be the Joint Pain. As a result, increased friction has resulted whenever the virus goes and thereby affects the joint fluids. Pain is caused by this which can again last up to a few days.
But, the people who have been seriously affected can possibly have a major problem while walking. They also might get a stooped posture due to this.
Whereas in some of the cases, it has been reported, the joint pain lasted for several months and sometimes, even years after the infection has subsided.
Fever is one of the most common symptoms of Chikungunya as it is a viral disease. Along with that, there is an increase in body pain along with an abrupt increase in body temperatures.
C. Some Other Symptoms Of Chikungunya
Other common symptoms of Chikungunya include headache, fatigue, rash, muscle pain and also nausea. Specifically, at the epitome of the infection, these particular symptoms are experienced. As a result, sometimes, it can be confused with the common viral fever.
D. Chikungunya Complications
In some of the cases, it has been reported that the people suffering from this particular disease may face several complications that are related to the gastrointestinal, cardiac, neurological system and eye. Again, these particular symptoms are uncommon in people who are below 40 years of age, but, sometimes, serious issues may be faced by older people.
It also has been reported that this sort of infection can become fatal in case it is left untreated for many years.
Causes Of Chikungunya
Chikungunya is known to be a viral disease. It is mainly transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito and so, it is much similar to dengue. Aedes aegypti mosquito carries this virus and also, it is most commonly known as the yellow fever mosquito.
For survival, a tropical climate is needed by this virus and this is the major reason, why this infection is most commonly seen in Asian countries.
In recent studies, it also has been found that there is another type of mosquito that is known as the Aedes albopictus. It is considered to be a carrier for the chikungunya virus. In the day time, mostly, these mosquitoes bite people and as a result of it, the people can become susceptible to the infection easily.
With the passing days, Aedes mosquito is continuously evolving. In recent days, a change is observed in this mosquito as they have preferably reduced the humming of wings before attacking a particular human. Not only that, it attacks them from below so, sometimes, there is no detection.
Previously, these mosquitoes were seen in urban areas. But, nowadays, they have preferable moved to rural areas. For breeding, also, they only need 2 ml of water. Their eggs can easily survive one year of the extreme climate conditions and this particular virus gets passed on from the generations to generations.
This virus is again directly injected into the bloodstream as the mosquito bites the human body. Apart from that, it again attacks the RNA by traveling to many different cells of the body.
So, it mostly imparts its own RNA in the human RNA and thus, the viral RNA is present in the replicated form. In this way, this virus can easily spread all over the human body and there, it can impair the most important functions of the body.
There are no such cases seen in which the particular virus gets transmitted by direct contact. It is again evident by some of the research studies, that the African monkeys are known to be the largest reservoirs for the chikungunya virus.
Diagnosis Of Chikungunya
For the diagnosis of the chikungunya virus, you can preferably make use of the different methods. In this regard, the most used method is the serological tests like ELISA or enzyme-linked immunosorbent analysis as it confirms the presence of IgG and IgM antibodies for the chikungunya virus.
Just after 3 to 5 weeks of the infection, the IgM antibodies are seen to be the highest in number. It also persists for up to 2 months.
In this regard, virological tests can again be done after the first week of the onset of the infection. It is also possible to isolate the virus from the blood. For genotyping of the virus, specifically, the RT-PCR products from the clinical samples may be used. This again allows comparisons with the virus samples from different geographical sources.
From the above discussion, it is clearly evident that chikungunya is considered to be a much-complicated infection and just because of this one virus, there are plenty of losses of lives. So, the above discussed are some of the best home remedies which will help you to get cured faster. But, the treatment should be continued alongside.
NOTE: The symptoms of chikungunya will also be reduced by these home remedies. But, alone they cannot cure the possible viral infection.
Here are again given some of the FAQs or frequently asked questions on Chinkungunya that will possibly solve all of your doubts.
1. What Are The Differences Between Dengue And Chikungunya?
It is the same mosquito that carries the virus of both Chikungunya and Dengue but the type of the virus is different in both the cases. Dengue is mainly caused by the virus known as Flaviviridae flavivirus whereas the Chikungunya is caused by a particular virus named Togaviridae alphavirus.
But, the dengue is more common than the Chikungunya and again, the joint pain that is associated with the chikungunya can sometimes last up to years.
Just after 13 to 14 days of exposure, the particular symptoms of dengue begin to show up. But, again, the Chikungunya signs specifically start showing after 2 to 3 days of the onset along with the sudden rise in the temperature of the body.
Generally, the incubation period of the dengue virus is for 3 to 7 weeks. On the other hand, it is for 1 to 12 days for the Chikungunya virus.
Joint pain is again considered to be the most common symptom of the chikungunya infection. But, the common dengue symptoms are the breathing problems along with the internal bleeding.
2. Is There A Vaccine For Chikungunya?
In accordance with the 2017 reports, there is not the availability of such vaccines. However, a phase-II trial was mainly conducted for an attenuated and live virus for developing resistance. Also, after 28 days, it was seen that the resistance was developed by 85% of the people. But, it was not found to be that effective against joint pain.
3. How Long Does Chikungunya Last?
Generally, it lasts for 7 to 12 days. But, the incubation period for this particular virus is known to be 12 days. Again, the symptoms of this disease are mainly shown within 2 to 3 days which include a tremendous rise in fever.
This virus also remains inside the human body for 7 days minimum. It is self-limiting but, in this case, the joint pain can last up to years. Rarely, it is fatal.
4. How To Soothe Skin Rashes That Are Caused By Chikungunya?
Due to the constant itching and also the pain caused by it, the skin rashes can be much irritating.
In this regard, some of the effective treatment that is known to be best for the chikungunya skin rashes is given in the below section:
- Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple Cider vinegar is known to be a much effective anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and also antiseptic agent. It helps to relieve both redness and itching. If it is used in the raw form, then, it works in the best way as the raw form of this contains many essential bacteria along with the enzymes.
To use, just apply a few drops of the vinegar on the affected areas. You can also apply it with the help of a cotton swab. Also, remember to dilute it with the help of water in case it causes irritation. But, if the irritation still persists, then just stop using it and also wash the area properly.
There is the presence of a compound in oats that is known as avenanthramide that helps to reduce inflammation. Along with that, it also helps to relieve itching to a great extent. To use this, first of all, you need to grind the oats in a mixer grinder and then, mix it in the warm water. Allow soaking in it for at least 15 to 20 minutes.
- Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera is considered to be one of the best ingredients which help to soothe the irritation of the skin. Just, you need to cut some of the fresh leaves and then apply this extract directly onto the skin before sleeping time. But, remember to apply a thick layer so that it can seep into the skin much easier.
- Baking Soda
Baking soda is regarded as a much useful ingredient to reduce itching which is easily available in your kitchen shelves. All that you need is to consider mixing the baking soda with the help of some amount of water and finally apply it to the affected areas.
- Olive Oil
One of the best properties of the olive oil is to preferably capture moisture into the skin. So, it can be used against itching much effectively. Along with that, it also promotes the healing and renewal of the skin. It also soothes rashes.
To use it, you need to consider applying the olive oil with honey on the affected areas i.e. the rashes.
- Cold Compress
The inflammation can again be decreased by the application of cold compress on the affected areas. It is very helpful in case of a rash converts into blisters. Along with that, it helps to reduce both swelling and redness. All that you need is to take some crushed ice onto a towel and thereby, apply it to the affected areas.
5. Why Does This Particular Disease Cause Joint Pain?
The reason behind this was unknown for many of the years. But, a recent study suggested that there is a direct connection between the amounts of the virus present in the body to the gradual release of the cytokines from the body.
The immune system of the body is again affected by this virus and this is the major reason behind the release of the cytokines like interferon. These cause swelling in the joints. Along with that, the joint pain can possibly persist up to years in case the level of the cytokines is high.
6. How Long Will The Joint Pain From The Chikungunya Fever Last?
This totally depends on the amount of infection along with the amount of the virus which is present in the body. But, in most cases, it generally subsides within a month whereas sometimes, it is seen to last for years. So, it definitely takes a lot of immunity from the patients to allow the joint pain to subside quickly.
Thus, there are no doubts that the Chikungunya virus is generally one of the most infectious viruses out there. But, in this regard, both the right diet along with the right treatment works well and it helps in the quick recovery from this particular disease. All that you need is to be cautious and also protect yourselves from the dangerous mosquitoes.
Chikungunya is a dangerous viral disease transmitted by the mosquitoes and the common symptoms include joint pain, high fever, nausea, headache and also skin rashes. Mostly, this epidemic break out occurs in remote locations, but, still, it is very important for you to take these simple measures as it can help to ease its symptoms.
Although it is generally not fatal, it can contribute to causing a lot of pain in your body. Also, it can make your body weak. But, there is no cure for this particular disease and sometimes, the after-effects can be extremely troublesome.
In this regard, an intervention to relieve the symptoms and also the after-effects are considered to be very important. Thereby, the effective use of safe home remedies is always suggested.
So, it is clear from the above section these best Chikungunya home remedies and also these works effectively in the quick cure of the disease. In case you are suffering from Chikungunya, all that you need is to include these above-mentioned remedies along with the superfoods in your diet. When these home remedies are adopted along with the treatment, then, it helps to properly recover this disease.