If you are wondering about what peaches are all about, then you should definitely go through this guide. In this blog, we have elaborated on the types of the peach fruit, amazing health benefits and the nutritional value of peaches.
- 1 Peach Fruit Information
- 2 6 Popular Types of Peaches
- 3 Health Benefits of Eating Peaches
- 4 Calories in Peach Fruit
- 5 Peach Nutrition Facts
Peach Fruit Information
The peach (Prunus persica) is cultivated in the North Western regions of China. As far as the flesh is concerned, the fruit bears a white colored or a yellow colored flesh. Even before the fruit ripens, the green flesh is used for commercial purposes.
Depending on whether the flesh sticks to the seed, the juicy fruit is broadly classified as freestones or clingstones. While white-flesh peaches are less acidic in nature, yellow flesh counterparts supposed to be acidic and cultivated in North American countries.
Even though the fruit derives its name from Persia, the peach is cultivated since the early periods of the Chinese culture. In India, the peach was traced way back in 1700 BC when the Indus valley civilization was into existence. Besides, peaches had become popular when the Romans ruled in the first century AD.
Peaches are generally grown at locations which experience a continental climate. Since the fruit-bearing tree can’t survive in hot climatic conditions, it requires a temperature ranging from 0 to 10 degrees Celsius. Even though the trees can tolerate the temperature below 0 degrees Celsius, the flower buds are not able to tolerate in case the winter season sets in late during the year.
Even though apricots and peaches belong to the same family, a difference is always observed between the fruits. Apricots are far and less similar to plums when the shape and size are considered. Peaches, on the other hand, are oval in shape and are available in different color shades.
Throughout the stone cold winter, the plant remains inactive though several chemical reactions are taking place at the same time. Winter rainfall at temperatures below 16 degrees Celsius is not favorable for peach cultivation. Once it starts pouring, the rain is the root cause of a fungal disease known as peach leaf curl.
6 Popular Types of Peaches
When it comes to jotting down different kinds of peaches, then they are classified into two categories. Surprisingly, there are more than 300 varieties found in different regions of North America. So, let’s look at the varieties depending on the color and the shape of the peach fruit. Before we move on to discuss different types of this fruit, let’s take a look at different shapes of peach;
1. Yellow Peaches
Most of the people have a yellow flesh. While these might be heavier, they seem to have an acid tang, unlike the white fruits. Among the varieties, you can easily source yellow peaches at the market.
2. White Peaches
Among the several types of peaches, the white flesh peach fruits are less acidic and are sweeter than the yellow flesh counterparts. These might be very expensive because these are rare and not commonly found.
3. Freestone Peaches
Freestone peach flesh doesn’t come in contact with the pit. As compared to clingstone peaches, these are larger in size but less juicy. While you may come across many varieties, such kinds of peaches are found during the period between May and October.
4. Clingstone Peaches
As the name implies, clingstone peaches boast a flesh that adheres to the pits. They are very much sweeter hand juicer than freestone peaches. Yet another variety is a semi-freestone peach a hybrid of freestone peach and clingstone peach. Such types of fruits are cultivated with an objective of consuming them easily and combining the pitting properties.
5. Donut Peaches
Donut peaches are usually characterized by a white flesh and less amount of acid. These are generally available at the market from the month of July to August.
Botanically speaking, nectarines are closely associated with peaches boasting nectarine pits. The only difference that can be observed is that such kinds of fruits don’t have a peach fuzz on the smooth skin. While some maybe bland in taste, others may be considered to be rich in flavor.
Health Benefits of Eating Peaches
If you are wondering about the health benefits of peaches, then the peach fruit offers relief from cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, blood stasis, and obesity. So, here’s how you can benefit by eating the fruit or drinking the peach syrup.
The pulp of peaches is known for significant antioxidant properties. Antioxidants like Zeaxanthin, Luten and Beta-Cryptoxanthin help in destroying free radicals derived from oxygen. This certainly helps to protect the body against different diseases.
Owing to the presence of potassium, peaches enhance the cellular functioning of the body. As the electrolyte balance is maintained at an optimal level, the chemical supports metabolic process and regulate muscular tissues effectively. Lack of potassium can have a negative impact on muscular strength and eventually lead to Hypokalemia.
Peaches possess the capability of fighting different types of cancer like colon cancer, lung cancer, and breast cancer. This is because of Phenolic and Carotenoid compounds which are present in the juice.
Being a source of Neochlorogenic Acid and Chlorogenic acid, the fruit curbs the growth of breast cancer cells without affecting the surrounding cells. In addition, the juicy fruit is a rich source of beta-carotene and aids to get affected due to lung cancer. Apart from everything else, preventing cancer can be considered among incredible benefits of peaches.
In case you are thinking about what are peach benefits for skin, then the fruit always helps to keep the skin away from infection.
As it offers sufficient amount of Vitamin C, the nutrient acts as a barrier to harmful free radicals.
In case you have been traveling during the summer season, then peach tea aids protect the skin from getting damaged due to ultraviolet rays. It is because of this reason the fruit pulp is one of the ingredients in skin cream and beauty packs.
Since the fruit contains flavonoid, it helps to drive away dead cells, and hydrate and revitalize the skin.
Besides the aforementioned peach benefits for skin, the fruit helps to get rid of blemishes and spots on the skin surface.
Useful for Pregnant Women
During pregnancy, the lady can always enjoy amazing benefits of eating peaches. As it enhances the level of vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, she can stay free from worries all the time.
While Vitamin C promotes the growth of bones, teeth, muscles and blood vessels, potassium reduces the severity of muscle cramps and fatigue to a greater extent.
Moreover, the fiber present in the fruit supports digestion and keeps the lady away from constipation. The woman no longer needs to worry about neural tube defects like spina bifida because the folate helps to get rid of such disorders.
As the digestive system is cleansed from toxic waste, the fruit helps to prevent stomach cancer and dissolve gallbladder and kidney stones.
Maintain the Nervous System
Owing to the presence of magnesium, peaches helps in alleviating stress and overcoming depression. A study reveals that fruit helps to calm down children due to magnesium and Vitamin B6. According to the approach of Ayurveda, consumption of peaches after frequent intervals can be far more capable in balancing the nervous system.
Helps for Weight Loss
Apart from strengthening the immune system, peaches help to fight back obesity-related problems. The pulp of clingstone peaches helps to lower down the cholesterol level and stimulate the development of good cholesterol.
Prevent Brain Disorders
Studies have revealed that one of the benefits of eating peaches is that it can affect the central cholinergic system in a positive way. Since the compounds prevent the neurotransmitter system from degenerating, the person won’t get affected with disorders like Alzheimer’s disease.
Aids to Enhance Vision
The presence of antioxidant phytonutrients contributes towards eye health. These not only protect the retina against the natural or ambient light but also reduce the likelihood of common age-related diseases. Since Lutein and Zeaxanthin play a role in protecting the macula, people would not have to go through a treatment for macular degeneration.
Visit this post to read about some more health benefits of peaches.
Calories in Peach Fruit
The number of calories always varies with the overall size of the peach. A fruit with the diameter measuring two and three fourth inches has 70 grams of carbohydrates and 68 calories.
In case of a peach with the diameter less than 2 and a half inches, the carbohydrates weigh to 13 grams and the fruit contains 51 calories. Though the fruit is known to reduce weight, you would be taking in 35 to 50 calories and no fat. It is because of the calories in peach fruit, it is the most preferred choice for a snack and when you have to season yogurt.
Peach Nutrition Facts
Peaches are always considered to be included in the genus, Prunus. Officially, the fruit is known as Prunus persica. The name was derived from the location in China to the trade through Persia along the Silk route to Europe.
Apart from containing numerous minerals and vitamins, the fruit is quite delicious and sumptuous when someone eats it as a snack.
It’s never a surprise when the fruit can help to maintain an optimum weight and combat diseases. This is due to the presence of Vitamin A and C when the nutritional value of peaches is observed.
In case of a medium-sized peach or fruit almost two and a half inches in diameter, you would be taking in 59 calories, 14 grams carbohydrates, and 1.4 grams protein.
Additionally, the fruit contains 285 milligrams of potassium, 14 milligrams of magnesium and 0.4 milligrams of iron. To add on to peach nutrition facts, the fruit contains Vitamin C measuring 10 milligrams and Vitamin A up to 489 IU.
It is often understood that there is no difference between peaches and nectarines. In reality, both the fruits are genetically similar as one is transformed into a fuzz-free peel, which is popularly known as a nectarine.
Hope you have loved reading this blog that offers peach fruit information. If you don’t prefer eating the fruit, then you can include it in desserts or enjoy peach tea after a stressful day.
Make sure that you store the drink in a sealed container and keep it in the refrigerator before gulping it down.